.NET Developer Days 2017: Microservices Everywhere

by Oliver 27. October 2017 09:00

"Microservices" was the buzzword during the conference with over half of the talks mentioning them and a few diving quite deep into the topic, e.g. Michele Leroux Bustamante with her session "Surviving Microservices". Here's a pretty diagram of what to imagine when hearing "microservices": [Diagram credits go to Chris Richardson from microservices.io] Why Microservices? Well, there are some neat things to learn from a microservices architecture: a microservice forms the smallest architectural quantum (term coined by Neal Ford et al.) i.e. a part of a system's architecture that can be managed separately from the rest of the system microservices can be developed and deployed by independent teams on individual schedules, thus minimizing coupling and risk of failure microservices can be easily scaled out Docker plays an important role in the deployment story During Development use a separate source repository per service create NuGet packages for them, that can be versioned, and let consumers of your service decide when they are ready to upgrade set up infrastructure early: Docker, DevOps, CI, CD Troubleshooting Well, with a distributed architecture such as one consisting of microservices, troubleshooting can become a real challenge. That's why it's important to implement something along the lines of an activity id that will be attached to every action processed in any of the microservices. This id can later be used to follow the flow of a business process through the application. Wise quote at the end Once you've accepted your flaws, nobody can use them against you. Thank you. Happy microservicing!

.NET Developer Days 2017: Summary + Brain Dump

by Oliver 25. October 2017 10:37

A colleague of mine and I attended the .NET Developer Days conference this year. It was my third time participating; he was there for the first time. Here are links to the complete agenda and the pre-con workshops. My personal conference schedule Wednesday, October 18th Programming ASP.NET MVC Core (abstract) Dino Esposito @github Thursday, October 19th Surviving Microservices (abstract) Michele Leroux Bustamante – Opening Keynote Build Web Apps the “Progressive” Way (300) (abstract) Jeff Burtoft @github Async/Await and the Task Parallel Library: await headexplosion (400) (abstract) Daniel Marbach @github Setting up a CI/CD pipeline for a Containerized Project in VSTS (200) (abstract) Maciej Misztal – Sponsor Session Adding History to CRUD (400) (abstract) Dino Esposito Software Architecture That Every Developer Should Know (300) (abstract) Alon Fliess Building for the Future without Abandoning the Past (200) (abstract) Jeff Burtoft Friday, October 20th Performance that pays off (300) (abstract) Szymon Kulec @github The Performance Investigator’s Field Guide (300) (abstract) Sasha Goldshtein Building Evolutionary Architectures (300) (abstract) Neal Ford Securing .NET applications in Azure (300) (abstract) Sebastian Solnica – Sponsor Session How I Built An Open-Source Debugger (300) (abstract) Sasha Goldshtein Stories Every Developer Should Know (abstract) Neal Ford – Closing Keynote Random notes about the conference Predominant Topic Microservices are everywhere – this is my take on it Best Session The Performance Investigator's Field Guide – here I've shared my impressions Catering Inter Bankiet delivered fantastic food and drinks, including lots of good coffee and sandwiches Event Venue EXPO XXI, Warsaw – a good place for the conference, a few walking minutes from Warszawa Zachodnia Summary The 2017 edition of the .NET Developer Days was a success. I still have to process my notes and all the input I've gathered there. I will update my personal conference schedule with links to my own digest posts of the sessions where it makes sense. If you want to attend the 2018 edition, you will be able to catch a super early bird ticket from the beginning of December! Happy conferencing!

Test Driving AppHarbor – A Walkthrough and Review

by Oliver 15. March 2013 20:50

For some time now, I've wanted to check out AppHarbor, a cloud service to host .NET applications that includes a build environment, executes tests and deploys successful builds to one or more app servers. They use Amazon's cloud computing infrastructure as their backend. The smallest package is free so there's no good reason not to check it out. Getting my first application up and running First, you need to Sign up, confirm the link in the confirmation email, and log in. This part took about 2 minutes. (Created a new KeePass entry with an uncrackable password on the way.) Then, create an application, entering a name and the geographical region you want your application to be hosted at: Once you're done with that, you can choose where your code is hosted – this assumes you version control your source code using e.g. BitBucket, CodePlex, or Git. They also have a solution for the situation where you don't host your code anywhere, using a built-in Git repository. I didn't use that option, though, since I have an account at GitHub. Clicking on "Configure GitHub to deploy to AppHarbor" directs you to the GitHub logon screen (if you're logged out) where you simply sign in. Now, the following dialog was a bit spooky: What I read between the lines is something like: all your base are belong to us! I mean, it basically says that they can do to all of my projects … well, anything, really. Since I didn't want to create a new account just to try out AppHarbor and, honestly, because I somehow felt that they wouldn't destroy all of my work, I clicked "Authorize app". Phew! Remark: You might choose to use a different GitHub account for your deployments, using e.g. copies of your repositories locally where you just copy everything you need from your dev repo. Then you can grand AppHarbor access to that account without much ado. Now, the AppHarbor app took over and I chose a repository for the application I created earlier: Once I chose a repo for my first app, I got to see the first Build status message – here AppHarbor is building my app for the first time: A few seconds after AppHarbor was done building, and testing, and deploying my app after I had clicked the Deploy button, my app was ACTIVE :-) Under the Hostnames link I found that they had given it http://mathie.apphb.com/ and after a couple of seconds I saw my app online on AppHarbor. That was easy – how about deploying a new version? I'm quite surprised at how easy (and fast!) it was to get my first app up and running. For completeness, I wanted to check how AppHarbor would handle my pushing some changes to the master branch of my repo. Here we go: The commit was picked up within seconds! Another click on Deploy gets the new version out there. Remark: On their homepage they say that apps get automatically deployed once build and test runner finish successfully. This was not the case here, and I didn't find any setting to enable this. If you know how that works, please leave a comment. Update: Looks like this works out of the box, you just need to wait a minute or two for their deployment agent to pick up the new version. I updated my app just now and it got deployed by itself :-) Go back in time – it's easy, too Now, this is a nice feature: you can deploy any version of your application with a click of a button! So, if for some reason, you discover that the new version has some flaw, go back to an older one: What else do they offer? AppHarbor contains an add-on infrastructure and already offers several add-ons that you can install with your application. Most of them charge an extra monthly fee, some of them also offer a free plan. There are mostly analytics add-ons and DB engines, including dedicated MS SQL Server, RavenDB, MySQL, a PostgrSQL flavor, and a few more. Interesting platform with big ease of setup and a free plan Should be good for any smallish app that you just want to set up and forget about! For $10/month you can also assign your own host names which makes this a viable solution. It saves you from installing and maintaining a separate build server with something like TeamCity or CruiseControl running and is also almost easier to set up. Where are you gonna host your next app?

Test Driving AppHarbor – A Walkthrough and Review

by Oliver 15. March 2013 20:50

For some time now, I've wanted to check out AppHarbor, a cloud service to host .NET applications that includes a build environment, executes tests and deploys successful builds to one or more app servers. They use Amazon's cloud computing infrastructure as their backend. The smallest package is free so there's no good reason not to check it out. Getting my first application up and running First, you need to Sign up, confirm the link in the confirmation email, and log in. This part took about 2 minutes. (Created a new KeePass entry with an uncrackable password on the way.) Then, create an application, entering a name and the geographical region you want your application to be hosted at: Once you're done with that, you can choose where your code is hosted – this assumes you version control your source code using e.g. BitBucket, CodePlex, or Git. They also have a solution for the situation where you don't host your code anywhere, using a built-in Git repository. I didn't use that option, though, since I have an account at GitHub. Clicking on "Configure GitHub to deploy to AppHarbor" directs you to the GitHub logon screen (if you're logged out) where you simply sign in. Now, the following dialog was a bit spooky: What I read between the lines is something like: all your base are belong to us! I mean, it basically says that they can do to all of my projects … well, anything, really. Since I didn't want to create a new account just to try out AppHarbor and, honestly, because I somehow felt that they wouldn't destroy all of my work, I clicked "Authorize app". Phew! Remark: You might choose to use a different GitHub account for your deployments, using e.g. copies of your repositories locally where you just copy everything you need from your dev repo. Then you can grand AppHarbor access to that account without much ado. Now, the AppHarbor app took over and I chose a repository for the application I created earlier: Once I chose a repo for my first app, I got to see the first Build status message – here AppHarbor is building my app for the first time: A few seconds after AppHarbor was done building, and testing, and deploying my app after I had clicked the Deploy button, my app was ACTIVE :-) Under the Hostnames link I found that they had given it http://mathie.apphb.com/ and after a couple of seconds I saw my app online on AppHarbor. That was easy – how about deploying a new version? I'm quite surprised at how easy (and fast!) it was to get my first app up and running. For completeness, I wanted to check how AppHarbor would handle my pushing some changes to the master branch of my repo. Here we go: The commit was picked up within seconds! Another click on Deploy gets the new version out there. Remark: On their homepage they say that apps get automatically deployed once build and test runner finish successfully. This was not the case here, and I didn't find any setting to enable this. If you know how that works, please leave a comment. Update: Looks like this works out of the box, you just need to wait a minute or two for their deployment agent to pick up the new version. I updated my app just now and it got deployed by itself :-) Go back in time – it's easy, too Now, this is a nice feature: you can deploy any version of your application with a click of a button! So, if for some reason, you discover that the new version has some flaw, go back to an older one: What else do they offer? AppHarbor contains an add-on infrastructure and already offers several add-ons that you can install with your application. Most of them charge an extra monthly fee, some of them also offer a free plan. There are mostly analytics add-ons and DB engines, including dedicated MS SQL Server, RavenDB, MySQL, a PostgrSQL flavor, and a few more. Interesting platform with big ease of setup and a free plan Should be good for any smallish app that you just want to set up and forget about! For $10/month you can also assign your own host names which makes this a viable solution. It saves you from installing and maintaining a separate build server with something like TeamCity or CruiseControl running and is also almost easier to set up. Where are you gonna host your next app?

Mocking for the first time – a short overview of a few .NET mocking frameworks

by Oliver 25. March 2011 15:50

In my recent post Testing: trying to get it right I mentioned that a lot of our tests are of the dirty hybrid kind, somewhere between real Unit tests and real Integration tests. Focusing on the Unit test part, we’re looking into using a mocking framework right now to change the way we write tests – most of all to decouple the different components that we use in the application under test. Wanting to use the fresh and hype NuGet package manager to install the mocking frameworks, I chose among the ones that were both available there and also looked promising: RhinoMocks: the sample found in the introduction did not look at all inviting to me so I dropped this one Telerik JustMock (Free Edition) Moq FakeItEasy Really, it could not have been easier to get all these libraries into the project than using NuGet! Sample code So I went ahead and wrote a short and simple test just to get a feel of the syntax they offer. At first I wanted to mock a simple Repository using its interface. Here is what I ended up with: Telerik JustMock: using syntax from their quick start manual 1: public void MockRepositoryInterfaceTest() 2: { 3: // Arrange 4: var repo = Mock.Create<ITodoRepository>(); 5: Mock.Arrange(() => repo.Todos) 6: .Returns(new List<Todo> {new Todo {Description = "my todo"}}.AsQueryable); 7: 8: // Act + Assert 9: repo.Todos.ToList().Count.Should().Be.EqualTo(1); 10: } Moq: just visit the project homepage 1: public void MockRepositoryInterfaceTest() 2: { 3: // Arrange 4: var repo = new Mock<ITodoRepository>(); 5: repo.SetupGet(rep => rep.Todos) 6: .Returns(() => new List<Todo> {new Todo {Description = "my todo"}}.AsQueryable()); 7: 8: // Act + Assert 9: repo.Object.Todos.ToList().Count.Should().Be.EqualTo(1); 10: } FakeItEasy: just visit the project homepage 1: public void MockRepositoryInterfaceTest() 2: { 3: // Arrange 4: var repo = A.Fake<ITodoRepository>(); 5: A.CallTo(() => repo.Todos) 6: .Returns(new List<Todo> {new Todo {Description = "my todo"}}.AsQueryable()); 7: 8: // Act + Assert 9: repo.Todos.ToList().Count.Should().Be.EqualTo(1); 10: } In the first test-ride FakeItEasy and JustMock look pretty much identical, whereas the syntax Moq offers is a bit awkward with the SetupGet() method name and the need to call repo.Object to get the instance. I hope to examinate further differences in use as the project moves on. Mocking concrete classes Since we’re working with a large application that still has a lot of services and classes not implementing any interface I also wanted to make sure we’ll be able to mock concrete types. Well, this didn’t go so well: JustMock and FakeItEasy simply returned an instance of the concrete class I gave them, Moq complains that it can’t override the Todos member. So I added the virtual modifier to it and the test is now green. Still, I got the impression that I was trying to do something that I shouldn’t. The following blog post motivates further not to mock concrete classes: Test Smell: Mocking concrete classes. So I guess introducing interfaces as a kind of contract between classes is the way to go, but in the meantime and where we can’t avoid mocking concrete types we’ll be left using Moq. That’s it for now, happy coding! Oliver

Running a multi-lingual web application: System.IO.PathTooLongException

by Oliver 4. March 2011 15:18

We definitely have long paths on our client’s platform www.camping.info, for example for a concrete rating on the detail page of a campsite with a long name in a state with a long name - http://www.camping.info/deutschland/schleswig-holstein-und-hamburg/campingplatz-ferien-und-campinganlage-schuldt-19573/bewertung/r23989 - but the path (everything after the .info including the ‘/’) is still only 112 characters long which is still a long way from the 260 character barrier that’s the default in ASP.NET (see the MSDN). The problem Well, the same page in Greek for example has the following URL: http://el.camping.info/γερμανία/σλέσβιχ-χολστάιν-αμβούργο/campingplatz-ferien-und-campinganlage-schuldt-19573/αξιολόγηση/r23989, at least that is what we see in the browser bar. Essentially, this URL will be encoded when requesting the page from the server so it becomes a gigantic http://el.camping.info/%CE%B3%CE%B5%CF%81%CE%BC%CE%B1%CE%BD%CE%AF%CE%B1/%CF%83%CE%BB%CE%AD%CF%83%CE%B2%CE%B9%CF%87-%CF%87%CE%BF%CE%BB%CF%83%CF%84%CE%AC%CE%B9%CE%BD-%CE%B1%CE%BC%CE%B2%CE%BF%CF%8D%CF%81%CE%B3%CE%BF/campingplatz-ferien-und-campinganlage-schuldt-19573/%CE%B1%CE%BE%CE%B9%CE%BF%CE%BB%CF%8C%CE%B3%CE%B7%CF%83%CE%B7/r23989! Now the path of the URL is a whopping 310 characters long! That’s quite a bit over the limit - but even for shorter URLs the cyrillic or greek equivalents surpass the limit not as rarely as one would think once they are URL encoded. The exception you get when exceeding the default of 260 chars is: System.IO.PathTooLongException: The specified path, file name, or both are too long. The fully qualified file name must be lessthan 260 characters, and the directory name must be less than 248 characters. And this is what the error looks like in Elmah: The solution You don’t have to search long to find a solution to this problem on the web: http://forums.asp.net/t/1553460.aspx/2/10. Just make sure the httpRuntime node contains the properties maxUrlLength AND relaxedUrlToFileSystemMapping like so: <httpRuntime maxUrlLength="500" relaxedUrlToFileSystemMapping="true" /> You might wonder what the relaxedUrlToFileSystemMapping property really does: you can read more on MSDN. In short, if set to true “the URL does not have to comply with Windows path rules” (MSDN). Happy coding, Oliver

Event-Based-Components, Neue Mailingliste

by robert 13. June 2010 14:15

Gute Software Architektur ist schwer und das Feld noch sehr jung. Obwohl sich DI und IoC auch im Mainstream durchzusetzen scheinen und die PoEAA Stück für Stück in den Wortschatz von Entwicklern einkehren, ist noch Platz nach oben. Einen inkrementellen Fortschritt könnten EBCs darstellen. In diese Richtung zu denken, kann schnell und praktisch unseren Entwickleralltag bereichern. Wer lernen und sich über die Konzepte von EBC austauschen möchte, tut dies am besten auf der neuen Mailingliste: Event based Components.

Zu viel Konstruktor-Injizierung!?

by robert 10. June 2010 10:02

Ist zu viel Konstruktor-Injizierung ein Anti-Pattern? In einem Blog-Post konstruiert Jeff Palermo ein Beispiel, in dem eine injizierte Komponente eine wirklich langsame Initialisierung hat. Da die Komponente nur von einer Methode der Klasse benötigt wird, leitet er ab, dass statt der Konstruktor-Injizierung von Komponenten eine Lazy-Factory die bessere Alternative ist. Die Kommentare lehnen diesen Schluss fast fast einhellig  ab, denn: 1) Eine Verzögerung der Initialiszierung ist auch über den Container und mit .NET 4 auch über System.Lazy<> zu erreichen. 2) Gegen eine Schnittstelle zu programmieren bedeutet gerade, dass man Implementierungsdetails nicht in der Hand hat. 3) Langwierige Initialisierung in der Komponente bedeutet, dass die Komponente minderer Qualität ist, hier muss dann nachgebessert werden. Es sollten keine aufwändigen Operationen in der Konstruktor-Implementierung durchgeführt werden. 4) Ein Abstrakte Fabrik erzeugt ein Abhängigkeit gegenüber dieser, was die Menge der Abhängigkeiten steigert und die Vorteile des IoC reduziert. Jedes „new“ ist bad „news“. 5) Um häufige Initialiserung zu umgehen, könnten Services als Singelton konfiguriert werden, wobei globale Konfiguration ein Problem sein kann, weil sie schwer zu Debuggen und auf Anwendungsebene auch schwer nachzuvollziehen sein kann. Danke an Jeff Palermo für seinen sehr lesenwerten Post! Links: http://jeffreypalermo.com/blog/constructor-over-injection-anti-pattern/

Enum / Flags einfach und sicher definieren

by Oliver 13. November 2009 22:33

Hier (http://blogs.msdn.com/kcwalina/archive/2004/05/18/134208.aspx#5943757) habe ich eine Methode gefunden, wie man einfach und ohne Mathekenntnisse (für einige von uns ;-)) Flag-Enums definiert: .csharpcode, .csharpcode pre { font-size: small; color: black; font-family: Consolas, "Courier New", Courier, Monospace; background-color: #ffffff; /*white-space: pre;*/ } .csharpcode pre { margin: 0em; } .csharpcode .rem { color: #008000; } .csharpcode .kwrd { color: #0000ff; } .csharpcode .str { color: #006080; } .csharpcode .op { color: #0000c0; } .csharpcode .preproc { color: #cc6633; } .csharpcode .asp { background-color: #ffff00; } .csharpcode .html { color: #800000; } .csharpcode .attr { color: #ff0000; } .csharpcode .alt { background-color: #f4f4f4; width: 100%; margin: 0em; } .csharpcode .lnum { color: #606060; } enum Color { None = 0, Blue = 1 << 0, Red = 1 << 1, Yellow = 1 << 2, Purple = Blue | Red, Orange = Red | Yellow, } Oliver

Dependency Injection in Legacy Projekt 2

by robert 1. November 2009 16:36

Das Digram soll die tatsächlich Architektur für den _ersten_ Schritt des Einbaus zeigen. Die physischen Abhängigkeiten sehen nochmal anders aus, da die GUI direkt mit Typen aus der Applikation arbeitet. Die architektonische "Schichtung" ergibt sich aus der Notwendigkeit "zirkuläre" Referenzen zu verhindern. Aus diesem Grund sind Container und Service-Locater auch physisch getrennt. Ein volle Entkopplung macht im tatsächlichen Anwendungsfall aus jetziger Perspektive auch keinen Sinn und ließe sich auch leicht nachträglich einziehen.

About Oliver

shades-of-orange.com code blog logo I build web applications using ASP.NET and have a passion for javascript. Enjoy MVC and Orchard CMS, and I do TDD whenever I can. I like clean code. Love to spend time with my wife and our three children. My profile on Stack Exchange, a network of free, community-driven Q&A sites

About Anton

shades-of-orange.com code blog logo I'm a software developer at teamaton. I code in C# and work with MVC, Orchard, SpecFlow, Coypu and NHibernate. I enjoy beach volleyball, board games and Coke.